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Comunidad: Comunidad Valenciana
Convocatoria: Septiembre de 1994
Modalidad: LOGSE - Todas
Ejercicio: 1er Ejercicio
Asignatura: Inglés
Obligatoriedad: Obligatoria
Duración: 60 minutos
Baremo: Comprensión: 60%; Producción: 40%. Comprensión global: 2 puntos. Vedadero/falso: 1 punto. Léxico:1 punto. Multiple choice: 2 puntos.

Part A. Reading comprehension

Read the following text:

Independent and happy

Britons are learning to stand on their own two feet. They are more willing than ever to take care of their own health and wealth. Old attitudes that "the State will provide" are a thing of the past. A report by market researchers Mintel noticed changes in consumer habits since 1974 and reveals a new era of self-sufficiency. More people are working for themselves, most of us want to live in a house we own rather than rent and there has been a growth in personal pensions and private health insurance. Less cooking is done in the home; the report says kitchens now resemble cafeterias, with families eating at different times. The average age for starting work is 17. Young people tend to leave home four years later. They are marrying for the first time at 24, on average. The first child arrives the following year. But only 33 per cent of couples under 25 setting up home together are married. Twenty years ago it was 90 per cent. "These days people are more willing to take responsibility for their health and economic well-being", said Mintel's Angela Hughes.

P. Crosbie. Daily Express. May 11, 1994. p. 13.

I. Answer the following two questions using your own words (2 points; 1 point each):

  1. What are the main changes observed among the British citizens in the last few years?
  2. What is meant by take care of their own health and wealth?

II. Circle T or F if the statements below are True or False (1 point; 0,5 each).

  1. Couples get married at a younger age. T F
  2. People prefer having a house to renting it. T F

III. Find a synonym of the following phrases in the text (1 point; 0,5 each).

  1. independence
  2. look like

IV. Choose a, b, c (or d) after each statement below. Only one choice is correct (2 points; 0,5 each).

  1. Children now leave home at...
    1. 17.
    2. 21.
    3. 24.
    4. 25.
  2. The younger generation are less and less dependent on...
    1. the state.
    2. their parents.
    3. both.
    4. themselves.
  3. In the past, when setting up home, a great number of couples were...
    1. married.
    2. unmarried.
    3. divorced.
    4. too old.
  4. The report shows a trend in _______ initiative.
    1. individual.
    2. collective.
    3. controlled.

B. Composition (100-150 words approximately) (4 points)

Choose one of the following two alternatives:

  1. Write a paragraph describing your life and personal situation when you reach the age of 25.
  2. Compare your habits at your age with that of the older generation. What are the main differences and the reasons for them?

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